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Agent Orange
What is Agent Orange?
Agent Orange is a herbicide made from a combination of two compounds: 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T which are chlorinated phenoxy acids. The most dangerous element of Agent Orange is an impurity present in the 2,4,5-T. That impurity is known chemically as 2,3,78-tetrachlro-dibenzo-paradioxin, or more commonly, dioxin.

Agent Orange, so named because it was shipped in orange striped 55-gallon drums, was sprayed from fixed and rotary wing aircraft. Agent Orange was also sprayed from trucks and backpacks to defoliate base permutes, landing zones and other areas.

Between 1962 and 1971, the United States sprayed more than 10.6 million gallons of herbicide in Southwest Asia in order to deprive the enemy forces of ground cover provided by dense jungles and foliage. This massive defoliation project was called "Operation Ranch Hand," and was successful in defoliating an area about the size of Massachusetts.

Diseases Presumed to be Service-Connected
If a Veteran develops certain diseases, it may be presumed that they are service-connected disabilities based on exposure to herbicide agents while serving in Southwest Asia. There are also time limits for certain diseases during which the diseases must have manifested for the presumption to apply in a claim for VA compensation.

Currently, only the following diseases are presumed to be service-connected specifically for veterans who were exposed to herbicides during their military service, even though there is no record of such disease during service:
  • Chloracne or other acne form disease consistent with chlorance
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type II
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Prophyria cutanea tarda
  • Soft-tissue sarcoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Cancers of the lung, bronchus, larynx, and trachea
  • Prostate cancer
  • Acute and sub-acute peripheral neuropathy
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
  • B cell leukemia
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Al Amyloidosis
  • Adult fibrosarcoma
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
  • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma
  • Lipsosarcona
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Epithelioid leiomyosarcoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Ectomesenchymoma
  • Angiosarcoma
  • Proliferating (systemic) angioendotheliomatosis
  • Malignant glomus tumor
  • Malignant hemangiopericytoma
  • Synovial sarcoma
  • Malignant giant cell tumor of tendon sheath
  • Malignant schwannoma
  • Malignant mesenchymoma
  • Malignant grandular cell tumor
  • Alveolar soft part sarcoma
  • Epitheliod sarcoma
  • Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses
  • Ekrasekeletal Ewing's sarcoma
  • Congenital and infantile fibrosarcoma
  • Malignant ganglioneuroma Agent

Agent Orange Helpline: 1-800-749-8387